How to host your website that is static with & CloudFront and set-up an SSL certificate?

How to host your website that is static with & CloudFront and set-up an SSL certificate?

Before starting going your static site on S3 and CloudFront, I wish to prompt you to conscious that you need to maneuver your domain name servers provider to Amazon Route53.

This is the way that is only make CloudFront work with your domain. ??

If you’re confused about how to connect your domain DNS with Route 53, then please feel free to check on the first section of my past article How to migrate your domain to Route53.

At the end of this tutorial, we’ll be utilizing the following 4 services given by AWS:

  • Path 53 ( for the domain DNS)
  • S3 ( for our files that are static
  • CloudFront (CDN — will serve our files that are static different locations)
  • Certificate Manager (SSL certification — your web site shall have https for FREE??)

Okay, now let’s get our hands dirty.

Step 1 — Create S3 buckets

We very first need to log in into the AWS administration system to check out the S3 service.

Once discovered, we must create two buckets that are s3 our domain name.

In my own situation, I’ll be using the bucket that is following:

Bucket 1 —

Bucket 2 —

You must ensure that both bucket names are the same as your domain name.

Don’t bother about any configurations choices or permissions only at that moment. Simply go with the standard choices while creating both buckets.

You ought to now have the ability to see both your buckets that are s3.

Step 2 — Upload files to S3 Bucket

We now need to upload most of the static files & assets and select our primary bucket for our web site, the non-www variation or the version that is www.

In this tutorial, I’ll choose the www version, hence Bucket 1 would be the bucket that is main our web site.

Which means after we finalize all of the steps, any user accessing would be automatically redirected to

Additionally, the bucket that is main include all our statics files and assets.

Action 3 — Configure Bucket settings

It’s time for you to arranged the primary bucket for fixed web site web hosting.

Struck the Properties tab, and you should manage to see Static website hosting.

Open it, select “Use this bucket to host a website” after which you’ll want to type the index document of your website in other words. index.html inside our situation.

Don’t forget to click on the Save button.

Step 4 — Make bucket public

At this time, our website is hosted in the bucket that is s3 but regrettably, no body can get access to it.

Do you know what — we need certainly to make it general public to your world. ?

In order to make it general public, we’ll put in a Bucket Policy, but before adding it, we need to allow our bucket to just accept bucket that is new.

Go right to the Permissions tab of the bucket and then start the general public access settings tab.

By default, you should see all settings set to true.

We have been only thinking about the “ public bucket policies” as highlighted above.

Struck the edit button, and then untick the following settings as shown below.

Once you do that, don’t forget to click on the save button.

This will let us include new Bucket Policies for our S3 bucket.

The only bucket policy we truly need is always to make our bucket available to the planet.

Time for you to go right to the Permissions tab of the bucket once more and open the Bucket then Policy tab.

Paste in to the editor the policy that is following. Don’t forget to replace with your domain name!

Any visitor would be allowed by it“read access” of any object in your buckets. Which means that anybody is able to access your internet site content. Sweet! ??

To be able to test our execution so far, get back to the characteristics tab and then towards the Static internet hosting choice.

You ought to be able to discover the endpoint that is“ of your bucket. Try accessing it and you should manage to see your site! ??

Step 5 — Redirect non-www. to www.

It’s time and energy to go to Bucket 2 now, while making it redirect to .

When you go to the bucket that is second go directly to the Properties tab and then open Static website hosting again.

Select requests that are redirect then key in your target domain ( within my case) and specify the protocol ( http for the time being).

We’ll specify the protocol as https later on.

Step 6 — Create new a records

We’re going to take a break that is short the S3 service now.

Go right to the Route53 service in order to find your domain.

We must create 2 DNS records because of the following characteristics which will point to our S3 bucket:

  • Kind: A — IPV4 address
  • Alias: Yes
  • Alias Target: Our main bucket

From my experience, the most common wait time for the DNS propagation is 5–30 minutes. It may take up to twenty four hours however.

As soon as you’ve done the above steps and waited a bit that is little you should be in a position to see your site in the event that you try accessing your domain. i.e.

Also, in the event that you go right to the non-www variation , you should be rerouted wix to your version that is www of internet site.

If every thing works to date, congrats ??!

Action 7 — demand an SSL certification

We’ll head now to the Certificate Manager service now through the console and request a certificate.

?? You’ll want to make certain you won’t be able to select the certificate easily at a later step in Cloudfront that you selected North Virginia as your region before requesting a certificate, otherwise. ??

Hit the demand a certificate key.

Specify your domain names and choose your validation method.

It is suggested choosing DNS validation since it is means easier, given that your domain has already been routed to Route53.

You merely have to click on the Create record in Route53 button after which AWS does the work for you.

That’s it! Now we only have to wait a bit that is little

2–5 minutes) until the certification is created. ??

P.S. in the event you’re asking yourself then the answer is no if we can use our SSL certificate without Cloudfront. More details on StackOverflow .

Step 8 — arranged Cloudfront ??

Among the latest actions would be to setup Cloudfront. We’re nearly done!

Head to Cloudfront from your AWS console, hit the Create distribution button and then select internet as your distribution method.

We will create 2 distributions.

You’ll see that AWS provides some recommendations for your Origin Domain Name.

Regrettably, usually the one they recommend you employ is not probably the most one that is appropriate that which we are going to use.

First circulation

The foundation Domain Name for the very first distribution should end up being the endpoint of your S3 bucket in other words.

Then open the Static website hosting option if you forgot where to find this, go back to the S3 bucket corresponding to your www version of your domain, go to Properties and.

Time and energy to go back to Cloudfront. ?

It’s time for you to now configure it.

Origin domain title: (no http here)

Origin ID: this will be auto-generated for you personally

Viewer Protocol Policy: choose Redirect HTTP to HTTPS

Alternate Domain Names (CNAMEs): enter your domain name i.e.

SSL certificate: select Personalized SSL certification then pick your certificate that is new generated through the dropdown

TIP: that you d > North Virginia as your region when you requested the certificate if you don’t see your SSL certificate in the dropdown, it means. Please go back to Step 7 to get more details.

As soon as you’ve done all the settings in the list above, hit the generate distribution button. It will take 10–45 minutes before the distribution is ready.

Second circulation

Time to configure our 2nd CloudFront distribution.

It might have the settings that are same above, but without www .

Origin domain name: (no http or www here)

Origin ID: this would be auto-generated for you

Viewer Protocol Policy: choose Redirect HTTP to HTTPS

Alternate Domain Names (CNAMEs): enter your domain name without www i.e.

SSL certificate: choose Custom SSL certificate and then choose your certification

Step 9— Change bucket redirect protocol to HTTPS

We specified as our protocol to be http for our second bucket (the main one corresponding towards the non-www version in other words. if you remember Step 5 )

We must change this to https now.

Action 10 — Change A records

In the event that you keep in mind action 6, we created 2 A records which were pointing to your S3 buckets.

We’ve to upgrade them to point out our CloudFront distribution.

Return to Route53, select your domain and then edit each A record to indicate its CloudFront distribution

  • An archive: -> modification alias to point out CloudFront distribution for instead of the S3 bucket
  • Accurate documentation: -> change alias to point out CloudFront distribution for instead of the bucket that is s3

That’s it for today! For you, please ?? this article or leave a comment below if you followed all the steps of this article and everything worked.

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